sainey-fayeBy Sainey Faye

Lafia, the birth place of Maba and the town of Nioro in Rip are said to be part of Baddibu. His family is Fulani and originated from the Deyangkobeh, who had inhabited a region in Baddibu. The whole area of course was  redistricted by the colonialists many times over since 1815, when the congress of Vienna gave France exclusive rights over Senegal. By the 1850’s and 1860’s the French had extended their control into the interior of Senegambia, and by 1895; Senegal and The Gambia were established as colonies with permanent borders. The French went further by making Senegal the headquarters for the government of West Africa. Up to today, along the border some villages had lines drawn in the centre of the village -Francaise/Anglais, but villagers go on about their business on both sides as it suits them, especially the peasants and farmers.

Maba built Nioro as his main capital, and Baddibu lost more territory and ground, with the British and French moving artificial boundary and demarcation lines. After the death of Maba, his ex-colonels and comrades in arms took up what was left of Saloum and Baddibu. Jatta Selling Jammeh took over as ruler of Baddibu, and note that there was no upper or lower Baddibu. That came later on in the beginning of the twentieth century, in the era of the late Tamba Jammeh of Illiassa.

Then you have Sait Kani Ture (Touray), who became ruler of Sabach, who also  built a fort at Kataba. Ngoyan became Medina Saba, also known as a cultural center, getting inspiration from Balanghar’s leadership of the Ture’s and Sise’s.

And finally, Gumbo Gaye became leader of Sanjal, and also built a fort at Ngeyen Sanjal. The ties of Rip is deeply infused.
All these leaders, along with some Ceesay leaders of Saloum Pakaala, etc. all share some family cultural ties and lineages.

The colonial legacy has left many things changed. The surname Touray or Ture is Wollof in Saloum, Serere in Sine Saloum, and Mandingka in Mali, Gambia, Guinea, etc.Ceesay in Saloum is Wollof, and Mandinka in Mali, Gambia, Bissau, Djula in Ivory Coast, in Burkinabe, Krio in Sierra Leone, etc. Many things changed, so do cultural ties, ethnicity, etc.etc.

Finally, you noted that Maba was defeated in kiang Kwenilla, that is true from what I heard. Maba and his forces have won some battles and lost some; like all political /religious battles. But Maba’s wars have been fought mostly in the North bank of the River Gambia, namely Baddibu, Niani, Saloum, Sine Saloum, Baol, and Cayor. His allies like Foday kaba Dumbuya, were the ones to intensify the marabou Soninke wars in the South Bank of the river Gambia; all the way to Cassamance and further. I hope that helps answer your questions. Thank you.



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